What is Operating System Principles? Operating System Concepts


What are Operating System Principles

An operating system (OS) is a program that, after being initially loaded into the computer by a boot program, manages all of the other application programs on a computer. An operating system is the most important software that runs on a computer. The application programs in a computer make use of the operating system by making requests for services through a defined application program interface. It also allows you to communicate with the computer without knowing how to speak the computer,s language. Without operating system principles, a computer is just like a waste means useless. After giving a short view of the operating system we discuss below the What is Operating System Principles.

In the assigning of the resources, to perform the task.  the resources may include, the processors, and network links. Lets we start to talk about the what is operating system principles so we continue with us.

Principles Of Operating system

In a Modern Computer system, only a few of  persons know  what is operating system principles but, you don’t worry today we will discuss them,

  1. Purpose
  2. Interrupts
  3. Linux file-handling
  4. Processes scheduling
  5. Linux process management

Always a question raises in our mind what is operating system Principles So, it is a foundational piece of software on which all the software is built. Its duties include handling communication with computer hardware and managing competing demands of other programs that are running.


So let’s start with the basics: what is the operating system’s basic purpose?

# It abstracts complex computer resources.

The file is not only the abstraction provided by an operating system. Other abstractions include the process for a running program, a window for access to a geographical display, or a connection for network communication. None of these abstractions has any basis in hard reality. But providing these convenient abstractions frees the programmers from worrying about the details of how the hardware actually works and from negotiating with the other programs about what program has which rights.

for example, a disk is a complex physical device that allows a system to read and write blocks of data off a KIlobyte at a time. With each access, the disk must be told the specific physical location on the disk that it should access. This procedure is extraordinarily inconvenient for the typical programs that want to read or store a sequence of bytes.

# It provides hardware compatibility.

Basically, everybody knows about the incompatibility issues surrounding operating systems, which cause people to have to use different software versions on different operating systems. what are Operating systems principles actually done? It reduces incompatibility problems, though; we don’t notice that because they eliminate incompatibility problems so effectively.

for example, there are many types of storage ( hard disks, USB flash drives, CD-ROMs). Even if you look at hard disks there just a number of hard disks and operating processors are available.

# It protects the system

If every program run natively on the computer, then each program will be able to wreak havoc with the systems. one of the best duties of the operating system is to stand guard over programs. It prevents individual programs from accessing the program directly, instead of requiring any requests to go through the operating system.


A hardware interrupt is initiated by the device like a keyboard or hard disk. The system is wired so that such a device can send an electrical signal into the CPU, which upon witnessing the electrical signal initiates the interrupted process. and software interruption often occurs when an application software terminates or when it requests the operating system for some service. This is quite unlike a hardware interrupt, which occurs at the hardware level.

Linux File-handling

If the program changes the file’s contents, the operating system will buffer the changes for efficiency reasons; it only writes the changes to the disk when the buffer becomes full. By closing the file, you are forcing the operating system to empty the buffer.
Otherwise, if the program aborts abnormally, the changes don’t occur.

Processes scheduling

The simplest process scheduling algorithm is Round robin. in which the process is treated equally. when one process runs its time slice out, it is simply placed at the end of the ready queue, and the next process in line begins. it is that activity in which the process manager that handles the removal of the CPU process and the process on the basis of strategy.

Linux process management

The operating system must provide some support for managing processes. The fork system call creates a duplicate of the currently running process. It is a complete clone – it has a new process ID, but the process table entry for the current process is copied into the clone process table entry. It has its own memory space but all the memory of the previous process is copied into the clone’s memory also.





Concepts of operating system

An operating system is a software program required to manage and operate a computing device like smartphones, tablets, computers, supercomputers, web servers, cars, network towers, smartwatches, etc. It is an operating system that eliminates the need to know coding language to interact with computing devices. It is a layer of geographical user interface (GUI), which acts as a platform between the user and hardware. Moreover, the operating system manages the software side of a computer and controls program execution.

For the most part, the IT industry largely focuses on the top five operating systems, including Apple macOS, Microsoft Windows, Google’s Android OS, Linux Operating system, and Apple iOS.

Final words

An operating system is a process of brings powerful powerful benefits to the software. The operating system is used to communicate and translate the languages, it is initially loaded into your system by just booting up your device It is very helpful in assembling all the data of the system it basically does all the arrangements of the applications. I think after reading our article you now have no doubts about the what is operating system principles.

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